KAUST Discovery


  • Articles listed by date

Results for 19 November 2017

  • Separation a sweet success

    November 19, 2017

    Cone-shaped sugar structures can be connected together to form selectively porous nanofiltration membranes.  

Results for 12 November 2017

  • Sunny solution for killing E. coli

    November 12, 2017

    Treating wastewater with solar irradiation shows promise in reducing two E. coli strains but a resilient strain persists.

  • A simple soak for a solar tune-up

    November 12, 2017

    A mild post-fabrication doping approach can boost the solar conversion of quantum dot-based photovoltaic cells.

Results for 5 November 2017

  • Simple statistics can be good enough

    November 5, 2017

    Study of the mismatch between spatial environmental data and a commonly used statistical analysis suggests simpler statistics are sufficient in many cases.

Results for 29 October 2017

  • Cutting datasets down to size

    October 29, 2017

    A powerful statistical tool could significantly reduce the burden of analyzing very large datasets.

Results for 25 October 2017

Results for 22 October 2017

  • Streamlining space structures

    October 22, 2017

    A new computational framework marries ideas from computer graphics with civil engineering to reduce times and costs of constructing frame-based structures.  

Results for 15 October 2017

  • A kite that might fly 

    October 15, 2017

    Wind turbines suspended high in the sky have potential as an alternative power source for Saudi Arabia.

  • Ocean atmosphere rife with microbes

    October 15, 2017

    Microbes are dispersed widely over the oceans with islands acting as stepping-stones to help transport of land-based organisms. 

Results for 8 October 2017

Results for 1 October 2017

Results for 25 September 2017

  • Bringing signals into phase

    September 25, 2017

    A novel type of electronic component made from a blend of polymer materials could enable more effective circuitry.

Results for 17 September 2017

  • Fueling a cleaner combustion

    September 17, 2017

    Insight into the thermal decomposition of a potential fuel additive shows it could promote cleaner and more efficient combustion.

Results for 14 September 2017

Results for 10 September 2017

  • Gazing into the flames of ionic winds

    September 10, 2017

    New 3D visualizations that reveal how flames respond to electric fields could help improve combustion efficiency and reduce pollution.

Results for 3 September 2017

Results for 1 September 2017

Results for 27 August 2017

  • Helping corals to cope with pressure

    August 27, 2017

    When faced with high salinity, the tiny plant cells within coral tissue alter their metabolites to better cope with stress. 

Results for 20 August 2017

  • Blink and you'll miss it

    August 20, 2017

    A faster approach for computer detection of moving objects in video takes us a step closer to mimicking the reflexive detection ability of the animal visual system.

Results for 13 August 2017

Results for 6 August 2017

  • The awesome scope of big data

    August 6, 2017

    Sifting through huge amounts of data may bring better understanding of whale shark social structures, protein targets for drug therapies and disease-causing genes.

Results for 30 July 2017

Results for 29 July 2017

Results for 22 July 2017

  • Smart sensors could save lives

    July 22, 2017

    3D-printed, disposable sensors capable of detecting noxious gases and changes in temperature and humidity could revolutionize environmental monitoring.

  • Shaping up against pathogens

    July 22, 2017

    Plants can reprogram their genetic material to mount a defensive response against pathogens, which may have applications for agriculture.

Results for 15 July 2017

  • A blue carbon future

    July 15, 2017

    Mangroves, seagrass meadows, seaweeds and saltmarshes, the forests of the sea, perform a vital and often overlooked role in storing carbon and mitigating the effects of climate change.

Results for 8 July 2017

Results for 1 July 2017

  • Keeping the heat out

    July 1, 2017

    Insights into the thermal behavior of metal nitride nanowires could open new avenues in optical electronics.

  • Marine reserves offer protection

    July 1, 2017

    Protection zones for coasts and oceans are an effective way to help marine and human communities to adapt to climate change.

Results for 24 June 2017

Results for 17 June 2017

  • Using sunlight to the max

    June 17, 2017

    A floating membrane that uses sunlight to evaporate water shows potential for water purification.

  • Winds and waves winding down

    June 17, 2017

    Wind intensities and wave heights in the Red Sea are decreasing over time—potential for a significant impact on its ecosystem.

Results for 10 June 2017

Results for 6 June 2017

Results for 5 June 2017

Results for 3 June 2017

Results for 27 May 2017

  • Engines fire without smoke

    May 27, 2017

    Car manufacturers could clean up vehicle exhausts using a new model of gasoline combustion developed using experimental data.

Results for 20 May 2017

  • An inflammatory inference

    May 20, 2017

    The surface proteins responsible for navigating immune cells to sites of inflammation are identified.

Results for 17 May 2017

Results for 15 May 2017

Results for 13 May 2017

Results for 6 May 2017

Results for 29 April 2017

Results for 24 April 2017

Results for 18 April 2017

Results for 15 April 2017

  • Setting regenerable polymer traps

    April 15, 2017

    Stable and recyclable materials synthesized using intrinsically porous polymers selectively retain CO2 from exhaust emissions and natural gas.

Results for 8 April 2017

  • Feeling the heat in cells

    April 8, 2017

    New nano-sized sensors provide unprecedented data on how heat diffuses in and out of living cells.

  • New energies in gas sensing

    April 8, 2017

    An ultrathin semiconducting sheet showing gas-responsive electronic properties may lead to highly sensitive gas sensors. 

Results for 1 April 2017

Results for 26 March 2017

Results for 25 March 2017

Results for 18 March 2017

  • Getting a visual on complex data

    March 18, 2017

    A new method for visually presenting complex data distributions provides a much-needed tool for management, analysis and interpretation.

Results for 11 March 2017

Results for 4 March 2017

  • Improving connections for spatial analysis

    March 4, 2017

    A statistical model that accounts for common dependencies in spatial data yields more realistic results for studies of temperature, wind and pollution levels. 

  • A simple nose for noxious gases

    March 4, 2017

    Tunable porous MOF materials interface with electrodes to sound the alarm at the first sniff of hydrogen sulfide. 

Results for 2 March 2017

Results for 25 February 2017

  • A safe sweep of weather data

    February 25, 2017

    A statistical technique for automatically cleaning erroneous data from weather-balloon observations will improve the accuracy of weather forecasting.

Results for 21 February 2017

Results for 19 February 2017

Results for 18 February 2017

  • Up in the air over Arabia

    February 18, 2017

    Studying dusty air, especially in the Middle East, which is part of the Earth’s notorious dust belt, has both local and global significance.

Results for 11 February 2017

  • Better biosensors on edge

    February 11, 2017

    Inscribing porous, carbonized patterns into a polymer creates sensitive electrodes that detect biological molecules.

Results for 9 February 2017

Results for 7 February 2017

Results for 4 February 2017

Results for 28 January 2017

Results for 22 January 2017

Results for 21 January 2017

  • Extracting more from wastewater

    January 21, 2017

    A material made by combining a metal and a polymer can help generate hydrogen and fresh water from wastewater.

  • Catalysis with a light touch

    January 21, 2017

    Pairing two catalysts in a single, illuminated reaction flask proves to be a light-bulb moment for organic synthesis.

Results for 14 January 2017

  • The power of attraction

    January 14, 2017

    Hybrid organic-inorganic materials can self-assemble into tiny doughnut-like structures.

Results for 9 January 2017

  • Taking graphics cards beyond gaming

    January 9, 2017

    A highly efficient mathematical solver designed to run on graphics processors gives scientists and engineers a powerful new tool for a common computational problem. 

Results for 7 January 2017

Results for 2 January 2017

Results for 27 December 2016

Results for 18 December 2016

  • Closer ties for silver clusters

    December 18, 2016

    Surrounding silver nanoclusters with hydrogen-rich shells offers new opportunities in catalysis and opto-electronics.

Results for 17 December 2016

Results for 11 December 2016

  • Thinking outside nanocluster's box

    December 11, 2016

    Research at KAUST finds that silver atoms can be crafted into a box-shaped nanocluster by careful selection of ligand molecules.

Results for 3 December 2016

Results for 26 November 2016

  • Getting the jump on industrial failures

    November 26, 2016

    A statistics-driven method to detect emerging problems in industrial processes could improve industrial safety, reliability and productivity.

Results for 19 November 2016

  • Delivering a power punch

    November 19, 2016

    Microscale energy storage units for wearable and miniaturized electronic devices are improved using porous materials.

Results for 16 November 2016

Results for 12 November 2016

Results for 9 November 2016

  • Driven to diffraction

    November 9, 2016

    Optical elements that diffract light could lead to smaller and more powerful cameras.

Results for 5 November 2016

Results for 29 October 2016

Results for 22 October 2016

Results for 15 October 2016

  • A modern way to heal old wounds

    October 15, 2016

    Smart bandage technology provides instant updates on the condition of chronic wounds through a mobile phone app.

  • Pure clear polymers

    October 15, 2016

    A clean, green, metal-free approach to making high-performance polycarbonates.

Results for 8 October 2016

  • Shape detection at fault

    October 8, 2016

    Software that automatically recognizes surfaces within complex three-dimensional images can benefit petroleum extraction.

Results for 1 October 2016

  • Fiery explosions of hot metal on water

    October 1, 2016

    Images of from a high-speed camera reveal a microbead formation process during the vapor explosion of liquid metal dropping into a pool of water.

Results for 24 September 2016

Results for 17 September 2016

Results for 12 September 2016

  • The significance of seaweed

    September 12, 2016

    Carbon storage by coastal macro algae is a significant but neglected aspect of the global carbon budget.

Results for 10 September 2016

  • Red skies and rifting processes

    September 10, 2016

    Satellite radar image analysis reveals that rifting in Iceland exhibits simultaneous horizontal and sideways movement.

Results for 3 September 2016

  • Barley that thrives in salty soils

    September 3, 2016

    Mapping the genetics underlying barley yields helps pinpoint mutations responsible for increasing the crop’s salt tolerance.

Results for 27 August 2016

Results for 20 August 2016

  • Surface fractures as magma moves

    August 20, 2016

    Surface deformation caused by magma rising within the crust may in turn have prevented a volcanic eruption in Saudi Arabia.

Results for 13 August 2016

  • See-through circuitry

    August 13, 2016

    Atom-by-atom deposition leads to low-cost, high-performance transparent electronic materials.

Results for 6 August 2016

  • Technology search for relationships

    August 6, 2016

    A sketch-based query for searching for relationships among objects in images could enhance the power and utility of image search tools. 

Results for 1 August 2016

  • Rhythm adjustment for CO2 rise

    August 1, 2016

    Evolutionary alterations to circadian rhythm genes help reef fish adapt to the higher levels of carbon dioxide of future oceans.

Results for 30 July 2016

Results for 23 July 2016

  • Making space for climate simulations

    July 23, 2016

    A statistics-based data compression scheme cuts data storage requirements for large-scale climate simulations by as much as 98 percent.

Results for 16 July 2016

Results for 9 July 2016

  • Electric fields tame the flame

    July 9, 2016

    A clearer understanding of how flame is affected by electric fields paves the way for advanced electrically assisted combustion technology.

  • A golden replacement

    July 9, 2016

    Altering a single atom in a silver nanocluster considerably changes its properties, creating an exciting opportunity to design these clusters.

  • Tweaking the perfect recipe

    July 9, 2016

    Adjusting the cooking time is all it takes to tune the magnetic properties of these multi-functional iron nanowires. 

Results for 7 July 2016

  • A clean separation

    July 7, 2016

    The efficient purification of propylene using a fine-tuned porous material delivers advances in petrochemical production.

Results for 2 July 2016

  • Faster prediction of wireless downtime

    July 2, 2016

    An efficient simulation scheme that hones in on the rarest elements in a dataset can help predict capacity exceedances in wireless networks.

Results for 25 June 2016

  • Focus on acoustic lenses

    June 25, 2016

    Carefully-designed meta-surfaces are used to build acoustic lenses that can transmit highly focused sound waves.

Results for 18 June 2016

  • Getting a handle on extremes

    June 18, 2016

    A statistical model that accurately describes rainfall at both extremes opens the way for more reliable predictions of flood and drought risk.

Results for 11 June 2016

  • Copolymer membranes toughened up

    June 11, 2016

    Innovative chemistry has produced synthetic membranes with improved properties for industry, research and biomedicine.

Results for 6 June 2016

Results for 4 June 2016

  • Sharing movement aids learning

    June 4, 2016

    Automated learning of an individual’s movement patterns shared over mobile and social networks could help us to connect better.

Results for 31 May 2016

  • Here's a tip for better stability

    May 31, 2016

    A new understanding of why tungsten-doped thin films degrade so rapidly in air may lead to better designs for semiconductor technologies.

Results for 28 May 2016

Results for 21 May 2016

  • Ultrafast charge separation

    May 21, 2016

    Understanding the dynamics of electrons in polymers will enable more efficient solar cells.

Results for 17 May 2016

Results for 14 May 2016

Results for 7 May 2016

Results for 30 April 2016

Results for 23 April 2016

Results for 16 April 2016

  • Feeding in the moonlight

    April 16, 2016

    Consistent around the world's ocean, the phases of the moon affect the upward migration of the world’s most abundant type of fish for feeding.

  • Timing is everything

    April 16, 2016

    A better understanding of fuel ignition processes in internal combustion engines could help break new barriers in fuel efficiency and emission reductions.

Results for 9 April 2016

  • Sensing the pressure

    April 9, 2016

    Thin flakes of silver make robust and flexible electrodes for pressure sensors.

Results for 2 April 2016

Results for 26 March 2016

Results for 19 March 2016

  • Catching more of the sun

    March 19, 2016

    Combining quantum dots and organic molecules can enable solar cells to capture more of the sun’s light.

Results for 12 March 2016

  • Making a splash

    March 12, 2016

    Ultrafast imaging reveals the influence of even ultrasmall surface roughness on inkjet printing.

Results for 5 March 2016

Results for 27 February 2016

  • An ocean observatory for the Red Sea

    February 27, 2016

    Studies conducted at the Saudi Aramco-KAUST Marine Environmental Research Center provide new insights into the physical and biological aspects of the Red Sea.

Results for 20 February 2016

  • Coastal creep by Red Sea mangroves

    February 20, 2016

    Satellite imagery shows that the Red Sea’s mangrove forests have increased, not decreased, over the last 40 or so years.

Results for 18 February 2016

  • Artificial skin sensors made from sticky notes

    February 18, 2016

    A paper-based sensor that mimics the sensory functions of human skin has been developed for the first time from low-cost and commonly available household materials.

Results for 13 February 2016

Results for 6 February 2016

Results for 30 January 2016

  • Ready for the high seas?

    January 30, 2016

    Seagrass genome reveals the structural and physiological adaptations needed for plants to survive and thrive in the marine environment.

Results for 23 January 2016

  • New lessons for an old magnet

    January 23, 2016

    The surface structure of magnetite is crucial to its performance in magnetism-based electronic applications.

Results for 16 January 2016

Results for 9 January 2016

Results for 2 January 2016

  • Graphene oxide sifts out CO2

    January 2, 2016

    Graphene oxide combined with a polymer membrane creates a barrier that is selectively permeable to carbon dioxide.

Results for 26 December 2015

  • Nano-Lego for clean energy

    December 26, 2015

    Novel solid-state materials may hold the key to cleaner fuels and cheap, efficient gas storage.

Results for 19 December 2015

  • The brain gamers

    December 19, 2015

    Novel use of gaming technology enables researchers to "step inside" the brain.

Results for 12 December 2015

  • A smoother route to smart sensors

    December 12, 2015

    Growing high-quality films of hybrid perovskite materials takes solution-processed phototransistors to new levels of performance.

  • Faster, finer filtration

    December 12, 2015

    The right blend of polymers enables rapid and molecule-selective filtering of tiny particles from water.

Results for 5 December 2015

  • Know your blends

    December 5, 2015

    Experimental and numerical studies reveal the combustion properties of blended fuels at elevated pressures.

Results for 28 November 2015

  • Effect of dust on the Red Sea

    November 28, 2015

    Ship-based studies of dust levels above the Red Sea reveal significant variations and confirm the reliability of satellite monitoring.

Results for 21 November 2015

  • An antenna that goes the distance

    November 21, 2015

    A low-cost, copper-based flexible and stretchable antenna improves far-field data communication in wearable electronics.

  • Closing in on semiconductor band gaps

    November 21, 2015

    Atomically thin heterogeneous semiconductors with tunable electronic properties pave the way for next-generation two-dimensional devices.

Results for 14 November 2015

Results for 10 November 2015

Results for 7 November 2015

  • Dusty days over Arabia

    November 7, 2015

    Modelling reveals how atmospheric dust influences daytime patterns of energy transfer from sunlight.

  • Burning a better biofuel

    November 7, 2015

    Chemical reaction modeling and combustion experiments reveal how 2-methylbutanol would behave in advanced engines.

  • Smart technology shows where we're at

    November 7, 2015

    A combination of state-of-the-art sensors and standardized data analysis will transform research for tracking animals and humans.

Results for 31 October 2015

  • The darkest black

    October 31, 2015

    Metallic nanostructures absorb light better than any other known structures.

  • Sensors for a light touch

    October 31, 2015

    Biocompatible tactile sensors based on magnetic hair-like structures enable new applications for touch sensors.

Results for 24 October 2015

Results for 17 October 2015

  • A new take on old materials

    October 17, 2015

    A mineral used in electrochemical devices that was thought to be a semiconductor is now identified as a metal.

Results for 10 October 2015

  • When icy surfaces aren't a drag

    October 10, 2015

    High-speed imaging of perfect ice spheres free-falling in water reveals surprising insights into drag reduction.

Results for 3 October 2015

  • Brain waves in boxes

    October 3, 2015

    A statistical method helps to identify abnormal signals in electroencephalograms and locate their source in the brain.

Results for 26 September 2015

  • Lasers bridge the rainbow

    September 26, 2015

    Subtle changes to the composition of a semiconductor structure enable laser light at colors previously not thought possible.

  • The Red Sea models the future

    September 26, 2015

    Detailed analysis of nutrient distribution and circulation in the Red Sea could provide a model for the future of the world’s oceans.

Results for 19 September 2015

  • Antibubbles make a splash

    September 19, 2015

    Stable air layers that wrap around liquid drops can retain their remarkable geometries a thousand times longer than theory predicts.

  • Unlocking complex interactions

    September 19, 2015

    Functions of interacting molecular complexes are uncovered through a novel method of aligning the interaction interface of each complex.

Results for 12 September 2015

  • Getting to the roots of microRNA

    September 12, 2015

    Proteins that have dual roles in the molecular processing of RNA could be manipulated to produce tougher plants.

  • A model for coral-algae relationships

    September 12, 2015

    Analysis of sea anemone genome yields unprecedented detail of anemone-algae symbiosis, and may provide a model for coral symbiosis.

Results for 5 September 2015

  • Giving drones a lift

    September 5, 2015

    Simulations show that an actuated jet of air from the wing can dramatically improve the aerodynamic performance of micro-aircraft such as drones.

Results for 31 August 2015

Results for 29 August 2015

Results for 22 August 2015

Results for 15 August 2015

  • Assessing seawater safety

    August 15, 2015

    Elevated bacterial populations in waters near beaches and urban areas could pose a problem for desalination plants. 

  • Spreading the flame

    August 15, 2015

    Simulations reveal the final moments of a fuel droplet as it combusts in a spray injection engine.

Results for 8 August 2015

Results for 1 August 2015

  • A one way trip for water

    August 1, 2015

    A material for filtration that is easy and cheap to produce could aid water treatment, solvent filtration and membrane-catalysis.

Results for 27 July 2015

Results for 25 July 2015

Results for 20 July 2015

Results for 13 July 2015

  • Signal noise annoys no more

    July 13, 2015

    Identifying noise in communication signals helps to filter out glitches and improve transmission quality.

Results for 11 July 2015

Results for 7 July 2015

Results for 27 June 2015

Results for 20 June 2015

  • A light load for nano-porters

    June 20, 2015

    Tiny carriers assembled from oppositely charged nanoparticles open to release their cargo under light exposure.

Results for 13 June 2015

Results for 6 June 2015

  • Branching out into solar cells

    June 6, 2015

    The fabrication of branched titanium dioxide nanomaterials enhances the connectivity in solar cells for a better performance.

Results for 30 May 2015

  • Finding the face in the crowd

    May 30, 2015

    An algorithm that maximizes the difference between data categories achieves high accuracy in classifying faces.

Results for 26 May 2015

Results for 16 May 2015

Results for 9 May 2015

  • Finding patterns in big data

    May 9, 2015

    A statistical approach that can find patterns in large data sets, even in the event of missing or incorrect figures, is proving useful from genomic studies through to planning a marine reserve.

Results for 2 May 2015

Results for 25 April 2015

  • Taking computing to the next level

    April 25, 2015

    KAUST’s new supercomputer will enable ground-breaking scientific modeling and analysis in Saudi Arabia and worldwide.

Results for 18 April 2015

Results for 4 April 2015

Results for 28 March 2015

  • A different kind of light

    March 28, 2015

    The discovery of the incandescent light bulb has transformed human existence. New LED technologies promise to be the next step forward.

Results for 21 March 2015

Results for 16 March 2015

  • Softly softly approach for tiny catalyst

    March 16, 2015

    Researchers reveal a low-impact synthetic strategy for producing supported small nickel nanoparticles – a powerful catalytic form of the metal.

Results for 6 February 2015

  • Securing future energy supply

    February 6, 2015

    KAUST’s Earth Science and Engineering Program is underpinned by a drive to develop sustainable ways to get the best from natural resources and quantify environmental hazards.

  • Decoding noncoding sequences

    February 6, 2015

    Evolution has left alone the protective functions of noncoding sequences of the human genetic blueprint.

  • Growing on salty soils

    February 6, 2015

    KAUST Center for Desert Agriculture leads research to improve crop yields from desert soils.

  • Tiny tuner turns heat into power

    February 6, 2015

    Sustainable energy generation boosted by a nanoscale device that converts thermal infrared radiation to an electrical current.

Results for 1 February 2015

  • Plants coping with salt stress

    February 1, 2015

    Discovery of the molecular mechanism by which a protein confers salt tolerance in plants could boost crop yields in high-saline soils.

Results for 26 December 2014

  • Run for your brain

    December 26, 2014

    Lactate plays an unexpected role in brain function.

Results for 24 December 2014

  • Warming up for the deep dive

    December 24, 2014

    Devil rays soak up the sun’s heat then make some of the deepest and fastest dives ever recorded in the ocean.

Results for 23 December 2014

  • Windows could take the heat

    December 23, 2014

    Generators embedded in windows produce electricity from the temperature differential between an air-conditioned interior and a sunny outside world.

  • Hope of a silver bullet

    December 23, 2014

    A single photon can free two electrons within a nanocrystal of silver sulfide, revealing its promise as a solar cell material.

  • Capturing carbon dioxide

    December 23, 2014

    Chemically fine-tuning the structure of a class of light porous materials allows efficient and selective removal of CO2 from air.

Results for 22 December 2014

Results for 20 December 2014

Results for 17 December 2014

  • Bugs boost clean-up

    December 17, 2014

    Resins improve bacterial performance in converting seawater to potable supply.

  • Plenty more fish in the deep sea

    December 17, 2014

    Mysterious deep dwelling fish are vastly more plentiful than previously thought and are likely to play a major role in ocean carbon budgets.

  • Bent, but not broken

    December 17, 2014

    Bendable electronics could help make robust wearable devices that can continuously monitor a person’s health.

Results for 14 December 2014

Results for 13 December 2014

  • Making the silent genes speak

    December 13, 2014

    Regulating an overlooked set of genes may help biologists manipulate cells to find new therapy options.

Results for 9 December 2014

  • Fewer steps to a shining success

    December 9, 2014

    Streamlining the process to fabricate quantum dot devices could improve their potential as low-cost, flexible solar cells.